Original size is 860 × 570 pixels

Rande Cook (Kwakwaka’wakw)

CMT blocks and blown glass

30″ x 16″ each


Deep within the forests of the Pacific Northwest Coast stands vast amounts of trees with scars marked by Indigenous peoples from hundreds of years before. They are known as Culturally Modified Trees (CMTs), trees that have been visibly altered through sustainable harvesting techniques for use in cultural traditions. These trees are often the last remaining evidence of Indigenous peoples’ interactions with their traditional lands. With massive clear cutting of old growth trees on the rise, many CMTs are being cut down and lost. CMTs are educational markers that contribute to the knowledge carried within forest ecology. These trees not only denote areas of Indigenous lands, but give proof of sustainable living.